One of the provinces that, in the 1580s, constituted the Republic of the Seven United Provinces in the Revolt against their sovereign, the Spanish king Philip II. Holland came into being dur ing the Middle Ages as part of the German empire, ruled by counts who gradually gained more independence from the central authority. Beginning in 1428, the Burgundian dukes created some cohesion between parts of the “Low Countries”; their Habsburg successors accomplished the unity of the 17 counties and duchies into a loose federation in the 1540s. After the Dutch Republic had gained inde pendence, the province of Holland remained the richest, most popu lated, and most urbanized segment. Most of the power was concen trated in the town of Amsterdam (the seat of several commercial companies, such as the East India, Muscovy, Levant, and Nordic companies) and The Hague where the States of Holland and the States General met.
   After the Batavian Revolution and the proclamation of the con stitution in a united national state in 1798, Holland’s influence dras tically diminished. In 1840, the old province was divided into two new provinces, Northern Holland (capital Haarlem; population about 2,596,000) and Southern Holland (capital The Hague; popula tion 3,453,000). Northern Holland also reclaimed land in the last cen turies, particularly through the impoldering of the Haarlemmermeer (1849–1852) and the Wieringermeer (1934). Both provinces have many old towns, seaside resorts, and beaches. Historical parts of Northern Holland include Kennemerland (the area between Haarlem and Alkmaar), West-Frisia (the region around Enkhuizen and Hoorn), the Zaanstreek (around Zaandam), and Waterland (around Monnickendam). The harbor of Rotterdam, in Southern Holland, is tremendously industrialized. The region below consists of old isles, which have become connected to each other as part of the Delta Plan.
   See also Randstad.

Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands. . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Holland — Holland, MO U.S. town in Missouri Population (2000): 246 Housing Units (2000): 112 Land area (2000): 0.172714 sq. miles (0.447328 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.172714 sq. miles (0.447328 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Holland, MI — Holland (Michigan) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Holland. Holland est une ville du Michigan occidental. Elle est située sur la Rivière Noire à quelques kilomètres du Lac Michigan. La grand majorité de cette ville est située dans le comté… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Holland — puede referirse a: Contenido 1 Toponimia 1.1 relativo a Holanda 1.2 en EE.UU. 1.3 en Reino Unido 2 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Holland 1 — was the first submarine commissioned by the Royal Navy, the first in a six boat batch of the Holland class submarine. She can still be seen at the Royal Navy Submarine Museum, Gosport.HistoryIn 1901 she was commissioned from John Philip Holland… …   Wikipedia

  • Holland 5 — was the last of the five Holland class submarines ordered by the British Admiralty to evaluate the potential of the submarine with the Royal Navy [ [http://www.english heritage.org.uk/upload/pdf/ACHWS Annual report 2004.pdf Advisory Committee on… …   Wikipedia

  • Holland — Holland. Das Land der Niederungen, Dämme und Canäle, der Industrie und des Handelsgeistes, der Windmühlen und Blumen, der übertriebenen Reinlichkeit und des Phlegma s, aber auch der Kraft und des Heldenmuthes. Die Holländer waren einst die… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Holland 2 — was the second Royal Navy submarine to be built, and the first to be given a non secret launch, in February 1902. She was the second of the Holland class submarines. Holland No. 2 was laid down on the 4 February 1901 and commissioned on 1 August… …   Wikipedia

  • Holland II — was a prototype submarine designed by John Philip Holland, preceded by Holland I and followed by Holland III .It should not be confused with Holland 2 , the second Holland class submarine of the Royal Navy …   Wikipedia

  • Holland I — was a prototype submarine designed by John Philip Holland, followed by Holland II and Holland III .It should not be confused with Holland 1 , the first ever Royal Navy submarine …   Wikipedia

  • Holland 3 — was a Royal Navy submarine launched on May 9, 1902. The submarine was designed by Vickers at Barrow in Furness and was first built on February 4, 1901. The submarine was commissioned on August 1, 1902. Holland 3 sank in trials in 1911 and was… …   Wikipedia

  • Holland 4 — Holland class submarine No 4 was launched on the 23 May 1902. She was built by Vickers, at Barrow in Furness, Cumbria, England, and was laid down in 1902. She was commissioned into the Royal Navy on the 2 August 1903. She foundered on the 3… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.